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TESEO - CARBON

Treaty Enforcement Services Using Earth Observation - Carbon (KYOTO Protocol)

A study done under the Treaty Enforcement Services Using Earth Observation (TESEO) initiative with the objective to explore the potential of satellite imagery to support the implementation of the KYOTO protocol within the UNFCCC Convention (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).

TESEO - CARBON
Treaty Enforcement Services Using Earth Observation - Carbon (KYOTO Protocol)
GSP (General Studies Programme)
Land
€250k
Feasibility Study
Completed
ENVISAT : AATSR
ENVISAT : ASAR
EOS-Terra : ASTER
ERS-1 : ATSR-1
ERS-2 : ATSR-2
Landsat 7 : ETM
SPOT 5 : HRG
SPOT 4 : HRVIR
ENVISAT : MERIS
EOS-Aqua : MODIS
IRS-1C : PAN
ERS-1/2 : SAR
Landsat 4/5 : TM
SPOT 4/5 : Vegetation

TESEO-CARBON was one of four special projects awarded by ESA in 2001 under the Treaty Enforcement Services Using Earth Observation (TESEO) programme, which aimed at exploring the potential of Earth Observation (EO) to support the implementation of international environmental treaties of European concern. The ultimate objective of TESEO-CARBON was to define and develop prototype products supporting the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC (1997), related to terrestrial carbon.

In addtion to imposing greenhouse gas emission limits the protocol obliges developed countries to report on the emissions, including information related to land use, land-use change and forestry. Additionally, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol enables developed countries to obtain emission reduction credits by implementing forestation projects in developing countries and documenting the net reduction in emissions due to the projects. TESEO Carbon identified this national reporting and the documentation of the forestation projects as the two main ares where EO can support, and demonstrated how this can be done. It concluded that EO data may be the only reasonable way to derive an estimate of national carbon storage for the protocol's reference year 1990,  as well as to monitor changes in biomass and land cover at continental to global scales.

The results of the study were extensively used by the DUP Kyoto Inventory project. It also helped establishing a long-lasting collaboration with the UNFCCC and the Italian Ministry of Environment.

TESEO-CARBON Final Report
VTT Information Technology - Remote Sensing Group
GAMMA
EFI
Min. Environment Italy - PIA
UNFCCC Secretariat
Tuomas Hame
VTT Information Technology, Remote Sensing
Tekniikantie 4B
P.O. Box 1201
FIN-02044 Espoo
Finland
Tel: +358 9-4566.282
fax: +358 9-4566.475
Email: tuomas.hame@vtt.fi
Espen Volden
European Space Agency - ESRIN D/EOP-SEP
Via Galileo Galilei C.P.94
I-00044 Frascati (Roma)
ITALY
Tel: +39 06-941.80624
Fax: +39 06-941.80552
Email: espen.volden@esa.int